Glossary of "Evolution (4th ed.)" by Futuyma & Kirkpatrick (2017)
- A polyploid in which the several chromosome sets are derived from more than one species.
Glossary of "Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations" by Frankham et al. (2017)
- A species whose chromosomal complement derives from the full chromosome complements of two or moree species, e.g. allotetraploid. Many plant species have evolved via this mechanism of instantaneous speciation.
- Futuyma, D. J. & Kirkpatrick, M. 2017. Evolution, 4th ed. -xviii + 602 pp. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.
- Frankham, R., Ballou, J. D., Ralls, K., Eldridge, M. D. B., Dudash, M. R., Fenster, C. B., Lacy, R. C. & Sunnucks, P. 2017. Genetic Management of Fragmented Animal and Plant Populations. -xxiii + 401 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.