Glossary of "Evolution of Plants (2nd ed.)" by Willis & McElwain (2014)
- A plant that produces phosphoglyceric acid (containing three carbon atoms) as the first product of photosynthesis.
Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- Plants that use only the C3 pathway or Calvin cycle for fixation of carbon dioxide into simple sugars. About 85% of flowering plants, including wheat, potatoes, and soybeans, are C3 plants.
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.
- Willis, K. J. & McElwain, J. C. 2014. The Evolution of Plants, 2nd ed. -ix + 398 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.