deductive reasoning (or deductive logic, logical deduction)
Glossary of "Plant Biology (1st ed.)" by Graham et al. (2003)
- The scientific process that begins with the formulation of a hypothesis, a preliminary explanation based on some prior knowledge, and the design of an experiment to test the validity of that hypothesis.
Glossary of "Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet (2nd ed.)" by Botkin & Keller (1998)
- Drawing a conclusion from initial definitions and assumptions by means of logical reasoning.
- Botkin, D. B. & Keller, E. A. 1998. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, 2nd ed. -xxxxii + 649 pp. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
- Graham, L. E., Graham, J. M. & Wilcox, L. W. 2003. Plant Biology. -xxxv + 497 pp. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.