mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)
Glossary of "Ancestors in Our Genome" by Harris (2015)
- is the DNA contained in organelles called mitochondria inside animal cells. In humans, it is a circular genome of 16,500 nucleotide bases organized into thirty-seven gene. It is inherited through the maternal lineage only.
- Harris, E. E. 2015. Ancestors in Our Genome: the New Science of Human Evolution. - xx + 226 pp. Oxford University Press, New York.