- 進化分類学 （日本語）
Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)
- A school of systematics that holds the position that overall similarity had to be taken into account and balanced against genealogy in the construction of a classification. Because evolutionary rates among different lineages were known to be highly variable, those taxa that had 'evolved further' (as evidenced by a large number of autapomorphies) warranted special recognition. One consequence of this position is an insistence on the retention of paraphyletic groups in classifications.
- Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M. 1998. Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis. -xii + 228 pp. Oxford University Press, New York.