Glossary of "The Evolution of Plants (2nd ed.)" by Willis & McElwain (2014)
- A trace or trail produced where animals, particularly insects, mine into the leaf between the upper and lower epidermis resulting in visible damage.
- Willis, K. J. & McElwain, J. C. 2014. The Evolution of Plants, 2nd ed. -ix + 398 pp. Oxford University Press, Oxford.