Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)
- The method of cladistic analysis that codes the observed features of taxa as binary characters and/or transformation series, assesses the optimal cladogram in terms of length and investigates hypotheses of character evolution using optimization procedures. Used primarily in contradistinction to three-item statements analysis.
- Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M. 1998. Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis. -xii + 228 pp. Oxford University Press, New York.