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=monophyly (monophyletic group)=
 
=monophyly (monophyletic group)=
*単系統,単系統群(日本語)
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*単系統性.同一祖先に基づくこと.単系統,単系統群(日本語)
 
* (Español)
 
* (Español)
 
   
 
   
 
== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
 
===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
 
===Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by [[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching et al. (1998)]]===
*(1) A group is diagnosed as monophyletic by the discover of [[homologies]] ([[synapomorphies]]).  Also known as a [[clade]].
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*(1) A group is diagnosed as monophyletic by the discover of [[homologies]] ([[synapomorphies]]).  Also known as a [[clade]]. (2) A group that includes a most recent common ancestor plus all and only all of its descendants.  See also [[component]], [[paraphyly]], [[polyphyly]].
*(2) A group that includes a most recent common ancestor plus all and only all of its descendants.  See also [[component]], [[paraphyly]], [[polyphyly]].
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==="Phylogenetics" by [[Wiley_1981|Wiley (1981)]], p. 7===
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*A natural taxon composed of two or more species comprises a monophyletic group.  Another term for a monophyletic group is a [[clade]].  (Species, insofar as they are natural, are ''a priori'' monophyletic.  In other words, the terms "monophyletic", "paraphyletic", or "oplyphyletic" do not really apply to natural species.)
  
 
== 文献(引用) ==
 
== 文献(引用) ==
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
 
*[[Kitching_Forey_Humphries_Williams_1998|Kitching, I. J., Forey, P. L. Humphries, C. J. & Williams, D. M.  1998.  Cladistics, 2nd ed.: the Theory and Practice of Parsimony Analysis.  -xii + 228 pp.  Oxford University Press, New York.]]
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*[[Wiley_1981|Wiley, E. O.  1981.  Phylogenetics: the Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics.  -xv + 439 pp.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.]]
 
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2015年11月7日 (土) 20:26時点における最新版

monophyly (monophyletic group)

  • 単系統性.同一祖先に基づくこと.単系統,単系統群(日本語)
  • (Español)

Definition

Glossary of "Cladistics (2nd ed.)" by Kitching et al. (1998)

"Phylogenetics" by Wiley (1981), p. 7

  • A natural taxon composed of two or more species comprises a monophyletic group. Another term for a monophyletic group is a clade. (Species, insofar as they are natural, are a priori monophyletic. In other words, the terms "monophyletic", "paraphyletic", or "oplyphyletic" do not really apply to natural species.)

文献(引用)


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